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New Testament Introduction Questions on New Testament reading 1. Select the (approximate) time sequence for Creation, Flood, Babel, Abraham, Exodus, David, and Malachi (the last Word from God) which reflects my proposal: a. The whole thing was invented by writers in the 4th century BC. b. 10,000 – 8,000 – 6,000 – 2,100 – 1,400 – 1,000 – 400 BC. c. 10,000 – 700 – 500 – 400- 200 BC – 1,800 – 2,000AD. d. 10,000,000 – 80,000 – 60,000 – 40,000 – 20,000 – 10,000 – 4,000 BC. 2. Matthew records a genealogy from Abraham to Jesus to make it clear that a. Jesus was NOT the product of a “superior” race of people. b. Jews could not deny blatant failures in their past. c. People cannot justify themselves before God. d. All of the above. 3. Joseph’s relationship with Mary indicates that a. Public declaration of responsibility is the fundamental component of marriage. b. Physical intimacy was permitted only after all parties concerned were convinced that the man would indeed be responsible for and provide selflessly for the well-being of the woman. c. People’s words were binding (once Joseph declared his intent toward Mary, only a divorce could reverse those words). d. All of the above 4. How did Herod react when the wise men failed to inform him of Jesus’ whereabouts? a. He was sorry for his evil intent and asked God to forgive him. b. He was angry and ordered the slaughter of male infants. c. He was unconcerned and dismissed the occasion as insignificant. d. He thought that the wise men had not found Jesus. 5. Matthew records Jesus’ trip to Egypt because a. It makes the story more interesting. b. He is using the OT history as a template for inventing a NT myth. c. Jesus is living life on behalf of Israel and all people and these are indicative of significant aspects of everyone’s life. d. Matthew didn’t record this, it was added later by editors of the NT. 6. Jesus returned from Egypt to Nazareth, to inspire a comparison between Jesus and Samson a. Both Samson and Jesus were “separated for a special calling” from their mother’s womb b. Samson forgot that his strength depended on the Word of the Lord; Jesus as the Word incarnate would never do that c. Samson was bound and mocked by his enemies, as was Jesus d. Samson died in order to kill his enemies; Jesus dies in order to save all, including His enemies e. All of the above 7. In the beatitudes, the word translated “blessed” or “happy” means a. that you are oblivious to the events around you. b. You enjoy pain and suffering because it commends you to God. c. To be happy in spite of your circumstances. d. God wants you to be miserable while on this earth. 8. Jesus said in Matthew 5 that you are the __________ of the earth and the __________ of the world. a. meek, poor b. salt, light c. righteous, faithful 9. Jesus’ imperative that we “judge not” a. Means that we should never tell another person they are going to hell when they die (condemnation). b. Does not prohibit us from telling people that what they are doing is wrong (diagnosis). c. Neither a nor b. d. Both a & b. 10. Jesus said you cannot put new wine into old wineskins, but must put it into new wine skins. The new wine refers to _____________ and the new skins refers to _____________. a. the Gospel, our new “man” b. cheap wine, styrofoam cup c. the law, our spirit d. modern teaching, an open mind 11. Jesus’ life consisted of healing and teaching in the interest of correcting what had gone wrong. Jesus corrected the Jewish legal system in the following way(s): a. Jesus said, “I desire mercy and not sacrifice.” b. Jesus said, “the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.” c. Jesus said, “Not what goes into a person but what comes out (of the mouth) is what makes him unclean.” d. All of the above 12. Jesus’ conflicts with the ruling Jews over the Sabbath indicate that a. The Jews had misunderstood and misapplied the Old Testament law. b. The Sabbath was meant to be a gift rather than a burden. c. The whole New Testament would be a rest from the burden of the Law. d. All of the above. 13. When Jesus fed the 5,000, He demonstrated that a. As true God, He was lord over all creation & could multiply elements. b. By providing for physical hunger He indicated that His word provided for spiritual hunger. c. No one would suffer want or lack any good thing by following Him. d. All of the above. 14. When Peter was invited to walk on the water to Jesus, he began to sink because a. He lost track of where the rocks were just under the water. b. He was paying more attention to wind and waves than to the Words of Jesus. c. He wasn’t trying hard enough. d. Walking on water was his own idea, not Jesus’ idea. 15. Jesus taught that the source of our defilement (sin) is a. The material world around us. b. Unclean foods, which is why we should not eat them. c. Our heart, revealed in the words that come out of our mouth. d. Bacteria that collects on unwashed hands. 16. We know that Peter is not the rock upon which the church is built because a. Jesus uses a feminine form of “rock” which refers to Peter’s confession of the truth. b. Immediately following Jesus calls Peter “satan.” c. Jesus is that rock (though the foundation of the church does consist of the apostles and prophets, Eph 2:20) as Paul says in 1 Cor 10:4. d. All of the above. 17. In regard to being greatest in the kingdom of God, Jesus taught that, a. We must be old enough/smart enough to understand His teaching. b. We must repent and become as little children. c. We must keep the law. d. We must follow our own hearts and be true to ourselves. 18. When someone sins, Jesus said we should a. Tell the pastor or other concerned spiritual leader so they can deal with the problem. b. Warn people to stay away from that person, to make sure it doesn’t happen again. c. Speak to the person privately first, to make sure there is sin and to convey a genuine concern for the person’s restoration. d. Ask around to see if other people know about this sin or to see if there are other sins this person is guilty of. 19. The Vineyard workers in Matthew 20 complained because a. The labor union would not support their grievance. b. They rejected the value of honest labor, companionship in that labor, fair wages, and most of all a gracious and generous master. c. The master gave more to the workers who had worked all day. d. All of the above. 20. Jesus’ description of Judgment day in Matthew informs us that a. Because God is gracious and loving, everyone is saved in the end. b. People who do more good than bad win God’s favor and vice versa. c. It doesn’t matter what we do, God decides who is saved and who is damned. d. Believers are saved because all the perfect works/life of Christ cover them, the grace of God was doing good through them, and all their failures have been forgiven. 21. Jesus’ last words in Matthew 28 teach that a. Jesus did not command His apostles to “GO” but to “MAKE DISCIPLES” as they go about, that is to say, wherever the course of their life would take them. b. “Baptizing” means being awash and “in the name of …” is referring to the Word of God; disciples are made by immersing people in the Word of God, which teaches us to seek the sacrament of baptism. c. Jesus confirms his meaning about “baptizing in My name” when He goes on to say, “teaching them to observe all things I have commanded you.” d. Jesus further confirms His focus on immersion in the Word by noting that He would, by means of His Word, be with His disciples always. e. All of the above. 22. Which of the following is NOT taught in the Epistle of James a. A person who keeps most of God’s commandments will find more favor with God than a person who keeps few. b. Wars come from our own desires for pleasure and lusts that war within us. c. We are justified (demonstrated to be just) by our works (which is consistent with Paul’s teaching that we are justified (declared to be just) by faith alone (fruit proves the nature of the tree but God makes the tree). d. Everyone should be slow to speak, slow to anger, and quick to listen; very few should become teachers because those who represent Christ in public bear a stricter judgment. 23. According to the Epistle of James a. We should rejoice when facing trials because trials press us out of a self-defeating life in the flesh into an infinite life provided by God through the regeneration of our soul. b. Every good and perfect gifts comes from above, from God c. God saves us, of His own will, by regenerating our soul by means of His Word and Spirit d. Prayer is effective because it gives God’s Word and will time to inform, re-orient, and bring to peace our own thoughts as we are informed of His. e. All of the above 24. Temptation, according to James, a. Does not come from God, even though God is the subject of that verb in other contexts. b. Comes from within each person, when they are drawn away and enticed by their own desires. c. Results in the crown of life, if a person endures (by the strength and love of God). d. All of the above. e. None of the above 25. Mark’s Gospel a. Begins with the birth of Jesus just like Matthew, Luke, and John. b. Is characterized by the slow pace of the narrative and positive view of people in general. c. Teaches that each person is responsible, on their own, to decide whether they will repent and believe. d. All of the above. e. None of the above. 26. Mark’s record of Jesus’ baptism and trials in the wilderness a. Are exceedingly brief, in part because the longer version was already available in Matthew’s gospel. b. Alone includes that Jesus was in the wilderness with the wild beasts – fulfilling a prophecy from Isaiah about the lion laying down with the lamb; and relating to the experience of first century Christians who were being executed in the Coliseum. c. Are followed immediately by the beginning of Jesus’ public ministry in which He commanded repentance and faith (both of which are His own work in us). d. All of the above e. None of the above 27. Mark’s record of Jesus sleeping in a boat during a storm teaches that a. Jesus is the Creator and remains Lord over His creation. b. Human beings are quick to accuse God of not caring. c. Human nature is quick to fear that which it need not fear and slow to believe what is worthy of faith. d. All of the above. e. None of the above. 28. Which of the following is NOT true regarding Jesus’ healing the woman with the flow of blood a. The woman was healed because Jesus respected her for boldly coming up to Him and asking to be healed, even though no one else was around. b. Jesus spent time finding her because He wanted the crowd to consider what real faith looks like. c. While Jesus was spending time with the woman, the servants of Jairus came to tell him that his daughter was dead d. The woman knew the healing power of Jesus and His divine nature; therefore she came from behind only to touch the very edge of His garment, and she was healed. 29. When people came from Jairus’ home and said his daughter was dead, Jesus responded by saying, a. Sorry, I guess we are too late. b. Don’t listen to them, Jairus, they don’t know what they are saying! c. Stop being afraid, only believe. d. If you have enough faith, everything will be fine. 30. Jesus taught that divorce was permissible (though not required) a. Under no circumstances. b. If the husband no longer really cared for his wife. c. If one spouse or the other had committed adultery. d. Because Moses commanded it. 31. Which of the following is NOT true about Jesus’ discussion of the end times? a. Jesus is no different than all the other crazy people who predicted the end of the world. b. There are partial fulfillments and indicators of the end times in all ages but we are always approaching the ultimate fulfillment. c. It doesn’t matter if we can figure out exactly when the end is because our end is always near, nearer than we think. d. People consumed with interest to know the time of the end clearly don’t get what our life here is about. 32. Mark’s Gospel tells us that Jesus gave His apostles authority to do miracles (speak in languages, handle poisonous snakes, and drink poison) in order to a. To provide them with a means to win favor with people. b. To provide them with a means to make an income. c. Jesus gave them no such powers. d. To confirm that they spoke God’s Word as inspired by the Holy Spirit. 33. Which of the following is NOT true of 1 Peter, a. He states plainly that our faith is a work of God, not of our own. b. He argues that the gospel makes us free to decide for ourselves what is right or wrong. c. He reminds us that by virtue of our new birth (baptism) we are a royal priesthood whose purpose is to bear witness to our savior. d. He says quite simply that baptism saves. 34. 2 Peter has several prominent themes, which are a. The importance of truth; paying continual attention to the Word (“knowledge” & “reminder”) and warnings about false teachers. b. That there is no way of being sure of anything. c. That the Bible is only the writings of men and will loose its relevance and may contain errors that will eventually be exposed. d. That the narratives that appear to be historical and the idea of the devil are fictitious and need not concern us. 35. 2 Peter says which of the following about the Bible as a whole? a. It is the prophetic word made more sure (by virtue of the NT’s fulfillment of the OT). b. It is not of any private interpretation. c. Holy men of God spoke (wrote) as they were moved by the Holy Spirit. d. All of the above. e. None of the above. 36. According to Luke, Zacharias and Mary asked the same basic question of the same angel, so why was Zacharias struck mute while Mary received an explanation? a. The angel was a Feminist and was offended by Zacharias b. Zacharias asked about his son to be, but Mary was asking about Jesus. c. Zacharias was asking from a position of unbelief, while Mary wanted to believe and was asking for help. d. This is how the Old Testament prophesied things would be. 37. According to Luke’s gospel, which of the following is NOT a person we meet in the narrative of Jesus’ birth and infancy a. Shepherds who came from the field to worship him and then returned to the field b. King Herod c. Simeon in the temple d. Anna in the temple 38. What does Luke tell us about Jesus’ childhood? a. Jesus and His family were not very devout and hardly ever attended the feasts in Jerusalem. b. Jesus’ parents were very irresponsible and didn’t care if He was with them or not. c. Jesus, at age twelve, provides an excellent example of apologetics, amazing the religious teachers with His questions and answers. d. From age twelve on, Jesus was a rebel and disobeyed his parents. 39. When John was baptizing… a. Jewish ruling classes also came out, but John rebuked them severely. b. Tax collectors, harlots, soldiers, (and other sinners) were coming out to him confessing their sins. c. Jesus came, was baptized, the heavens opened, the Holy Spirit descended and remained upon Jesus, and a voice said, “this is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased.” d. All of the above. e. None of the above. 40. Jesus was in the desert a. Because He could not afford a residence in Jerusalem. b. Because the Spirit had lead Him there, to endure every temptation of the devil, to do right what Israel did wrong during the exodus (and what we do wrong during the course of our life in this world). c. He was afraid of the ruling Jews and their police. d. All of the above e. None of the above. 41. In Luke 4, Jesus makes 2 important points during His teaching in the synagogue; a. He IS the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy AND the Gentiles have a history of being more receptive to God’s activity than the Jews. b. He is a better preacher than anyone AND Gentiles should not be allowed in the synagogue. c. Old Testament prophecy of the Messiah was mistaken in many ways AND God actually treats Gentiles with more favor than Jews. d. People are still supposed to keep the Sabbath AND Old Testament prophecy is irrelevant for Christians. 42. Which of the following is NOT true about the transfiguration of Jesus? a. Moses (representing the law) and Elijah (representing the prophets) appeared with Him. b. Peter wanted to build shelters but God told him to LISTEN! c. God was confirming the person of His Son in preparation for His suffering and death. d. All the apostles were alert and made the most of this occasion. 43. Jesus taught that a. Being rejected by people is not a cause to seek their destruction but a means by which God keeps us on the path He has prepared for us. b. The law does not justify a person who can argue that he has never broken it, but justifies a person who is motivated by love to care for others, like the Good Samaritan. c. Mary, who was listening, had chosen the good portion which would not be taken from her in contrast to Martha who was working to commend herself in the eyes of Jesus,. d. All of the above 44. The “Lord’s Prayer” teaches us that a. A significant purpose of prayer is to continually reorient our thinking toward the kingdom of God. This reorientation leads to and flows from the middle petition which asks for daily bread (the Word of God). b. We are expected to pray it exactly as given, like an incantation NOT like a pattern. c. Each petition speaks to a separate and unrelated issue. d. God expects us to be mostly concerned with getting the things we want, like everyone else has. 45. Jesus taught that we should take the lowest place at dinners because, a. He thought he was better than everyone else. b. We can actually attract more attention to ourselves if we are asked to move up. c. The truth requires our humility and this truth prepares us for the grace of God that lifts us up. d. People that sit in the low places are more fun than the “important” people. 46. In order to be a genuine disciple of Jesus, a person must hate his/her own self and family because a. To “hate” (in this context) means that our physical life must always be used in service of the spiritual. b. You can only truly love one person at a time, so if that is to be Jesus, we must hate everyone else. c. Hate means to neglect, so we must neglect our family if we would serve Him. d. Jesus never said we must hate our own selves or families. 47. According to the parable of the lost sheep, coin, and son, a. A genuine Christian would see himself as the one who is lost (then found). b. Self-righteous people would see themselves as having no need to be found. c. Our human nature is like the prodigal son before conversion and like the older son after conversion. d. We are to be encouraged by the desire of God to find us and the rejoicing that results when He does. e. All of the above. 48. Which of the following is NOT true about the parable of the unjust steward? a. “Wasting” the master’s goods meant doing nothing at all with them. b. The steward was commended because God had a soft spot for thieves. c. The steward was commended because he finally did something with his master’s things, even if that meant giving them away (forgiving debt). d. All people will be called to account for their stewardship of the life God gave them. 49. When Jesus spoke about the rich man and Lazarus, a. He was telling a true story, not a parable (Lazarus is named and there is no mention of “parable”). b. The rich man is not named so that anyone might identify with him and repent. c. He taught that when we die we go immediately to heaven or hell and that one may not cross from one to the other. d. He taught that if a person does not respond to the Word, nothing will change their disposition toward God. e. All of the above. 50. The Gospel of Luke is unique in his recording of a. The shift from OT (Passover) to NT (Lord’s Supper) on the night Jesus was betrayed. b. Jesus’ words to Peter about Satan’s desire to sift him like wheat, the fact that he would be restored after the denials, and the look Jesus gave him. c. Jesus’ walk with the two disciples on the road to Emmaus – how He opened the scriptures to them beginning with Moses and the prophets. d. All of the above. 51. The crucifixion of Jesus demonstrates, once for all, that a. God had fulfilled all the demands of the law in His Son. b. God does not deal with us according to His wrath, nor according to our sins. c. Only people who persistently, emphatically demand to stand outside this atonement of Christ will die in their sins, under God’s righteous condemnation. d. All of the above. 52. The history of Lazarus and the Rich Man, and the Thief on the Cross demonstrate that a. Bad things happen to good people. b. The human soul, at death, goes immediately to heaven or hell. c. Jerusalem was a rough place to live. d. We should make every effort to enjoy ourselves in this world, before it is too late. Questions on Introductory Notes 53. According to my notes on Guthrie’s New Testament Introduction, the first Gospel written was _______________ about _____ AD. a. Mark, 55 b. John, 99 c. Luke, 65 d. Matthew, 50 54. The Epistle of James was addressed, in the first place, towards a. Gentiles in Asia b. Wealthy, Jewish Christians in Jerusalem as well as those farther away. c. Jews who needed advice on how to keep the law of Moses. d. Romans who were curious about the basic teachings of Christianity. 55. Which of the following would NOT be true about the gospel of Mark? a. Mark probably wrote for the apostle Peter (2 Peter 1.15) b. Mark devotes relatively little time to the events of Holy Week c. Mark was the young man who ran away naked from the Garden of Gethsemane d. Mark skips the first 30 years of Jesus’ life and uses the word “immediately” often 56. The first epistle of Peter is addressed to a. Jews in the area of Jerusalem b. Gentiles in Egypt c. Christians who lived in Asian cities because of the “dispersion” d. Christians who lived in Jerusalem and Judea. 57. The second epistle of Peter was a. Written from Rome. b. Written shortly before Peter’s execution. c. Written to provide a reminder and to point to the reminder that Peter would provide by way of Mark’s Gospel. d. All of the above. 58. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the gospel of Luke? a. Luke was a physician, hence the interest in meta-physical realities. b. Luke was a travel companion of Paul c. Luke was one of the original 12 apostles who changed his name. d. Luke wrote to inform and to respond to misinformation (apologetic). Questions on Related Studies in the Notes posted in Blackboard 59. Which of the following is NOT a category of Old Testament writing? a. Epistles b. Torah (Law). c. Prophets. d. Writings (poetry). 60. The NT consists of what kind of writings? a. Songs, letters, and poetry. b. Fiction, myth, and legend, and saga. c. Gospels, history, epistles, and apocalyptic. d. Who cares, it doesn’t speak to anything that is important today. 61. A testament a. Is not the same as a covenant b. Is “unilateral” or one way. c. Emphasizes the faithfulness and dependability of God d. All of the above 62. The Septuagint a. Is a translation of the New Testament into Coptic b. Was copied by 50 scribes c. Is a Greek translation of the OT, produced between 400 and 250 BC mainly in Alexandria, and is in part a commentary. d. Was produced in Athens by order of Philip of Macedonia 63. The “Apocrypha” refers to a. A movie about the Vietnam war staring Marlin Brando. b. A text of curses that could be imposed on wicked people. c. The Greek text of Revelation. d. Texts not traditionally accepted into the Old Testament canon, written between 200 BC – 100 AD). 64. What reasons exist for paying careful attention to the New Testament? a. It consists of eyewitness testimony of OT fulfillment and NT realities. b. It is the inspired (God breathed) Word of God. c. The early Christian church recognized these documents as inspired. d. All of the above. 65. Which of the following is NOT a witness to the integrity of the New Testament text? a. The Vatican Library possesses the “autographs.” b. There is a wealth of evidence (more than 5,000 manuscripts). c. Brief time span between original writing and earliest copies we have. d. NT translations into other languages and quotes in Early Church Fathers. 66. The term “Concursus” refers to a. The large area at the airport filled with smaller gates. b. The combination of divine and human elements which produced the Holy Bible. c. The process by which scholars decide what is or isn’t true in the Bible. d. A famous series of meetings about the Bible, including the “Jesus Seminar.” 67. The succession of power from the fall of the 10 Northern tribes until the birth of Christ was as follows; a. Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks (Alexander the Great), Romans. b. Persians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Romans, Greeks. c. Egyptians, Syrians, Romans, Babylonians. d. Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Turks, Romans. 68. What family led the Jews to independence for a time between the Testaments? a. Partridge b. Zadokite c. Maccabees d. Simpson e. None of the above 69. The Herodian Succession actually began when __________________ rewarded Antipater for delivering him from a siege in ________________ 48-47 BC. a. Claudius, Jerusalem b. Julius Caesar, Alexandria c. Nero, Rome d. Julius Caesar, Babylon 70. Which of the following is NOT a reason why Herod was successful/well known ? a. He was suspicious of everyone and vicious in dealing with challengers. b. He protected the Jews religious sensibilities. c. He never gave in to the Roman’s will. d. He completed numerous and magnificent building projects, including the temple in Jerusalem. 71. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the high-priesthood just before and during the NT period, a. The genuine priestly line of the Zaddokites was displaced. b. The high-priest was appointed and replaced often by the civil rulers. c. Wealthy families obtained and retained the high-priesthood by their wealth and social influence. d. This group in Israel provided orthodox teaching and stability for the Jews. 72. Select the set of descriptions that is most accurate, a. Sadducees, Pharisees, and Essenes are all members of the same group but refer to Jewish, Samaritan, and Gentile members. b. Sadducees were few but wealthy, powerful and controlled the high priesthood, Pharisees kept separate in order to stay pure and were very popular with the masses, Essenes sought to keep the law rigorously and lived in the desert West of the Dead Sea. c. Sadducees promoted the idea of a bodily resurrection, Pharisees had no use for the oral law, Essenes tried to protect their people by blending into society. d. Sadducees, Pharisees, and Essenes are the same name in different languages. 73. The “Zealots” held a position that forbade them to acknowledge any authority besides God. This sentiment is partially revealed a. When Jesus instructed His followers not to pay taxes. b. In the fact that the High Priestly families paid the highest taxes. c. In the question put to Jesus over whether it was right to pay taxes to Ceasar or not. d. By the Roman’s reluctance to tax the Jews. 74. Which of the following is true regarding Qumran a. Best identified with the Essenes rather than Sadduccees, Pharisees, or Zealots. b. Well know writing/terms included; “Rule of the Community,” Teacher of Righteousness, Wicked Priest. c. Biblical interpretation oriented toward their own situation d. All of the above. 75. The Jewish Messianic Hope a. matched exactly with the person of Jesus b. was based on Old Testament prophecy alone and was uniform. c. was of no particular concern to the Roman government. d. was as varied as the groups who hoped for one and usually included aspects of civil liberation, prosperity, and war. 76. Judaism at the time of Christ had these characteristics: a. Centrality of Temple worship, especially for major feasts. b. Establishment of synagogues to support the religious vitality of Jews who now lived all over the empire. c. Categorized by Jews, Proselytes, and “God – Fearers.” d. All of the above. 77. John the Baptist was important because he a. Set new standards for dressing and eating. b. Established a sect of Jews that actually kept the law of Moses. c. Marked the final manifestation of God’s prophets and the giving way of the Old Testament to the New. d. Taught the people to reject the Jewish and Roman authorities. 78. The term “polytheistic syncretism” refers to a. Belief in a number of gods plus the blending of teachings about those gods. b. A widespread practice among people during the time of Jesus. c. The tendency of most people, even Jews, to alter their religious beliefs to include popular religious ideas. d. All of the above. 79. Which statement is true regarding the condition of Christianity and Judaism after the destruction of the temple in 70AD? a. They both disintegrated, since they had no central holy place. b. They joined forces to retake Jerusalem and rebuild the temple by combining their beliefs. c. They both seemed to thrive without the temple. d. War broke out between Jews and Christians since they blamed each other for provoking the Romans. 80. Which of the following is NOT an important reason for the gospels being written? a. God intended for His Word to be written to provide an authoritative and permanent witness to the truth b. The apostles weren’t fishing any more and needed a source of income from royalties c. The Christian faith needed to provide an apologetic response to what was being slanderously said about it d. The faith was spreading faster than the apostles could keep up with it, so their witness was needed in a form that would be reliable and could be multiplied 81. Which of the following was NOT an issue in Jesus’ trial and crucifixion? a. Pilate and Herod became friends via courtesies extended to each other. b. Roman custom nailed a declaration of charges over a crucified person’s head. c. Pilate crucified Barabbas with Jesus just to spite the Jews. d. Jews accused Jesus of claiming to be the Messiah which was blasphemy to them and sedition in regard to the Roman government. 82. Jesus is unique because a. He is the only begotten Son of the one and only true God and true man, born of the virgin Mary. b. He is the creator and sustainer of the universe. c. He took upon Himself all that the law requires in order to be our substitute, endured the condemnation of the law, died, and rose again from the dead and ascended into heaven. d. He demonstrated His bodily resurrection in a multitude of ways, over a forty day period, to many different people including more than five hundred people at one time. e. All of the above. 83. The Bible is unique because a. It is the inspired, inerrant, infallible Word of God. b. It is composed of 3 languages. c. It was written by prophets and apostles over a period of fifteen hundred years, who were authenticated by divine signs and wonders. d. It is unparalleled in its scope and content including prophecy, history, poetry, and divine revelation. e. All of the above. 84. Which of the following is NOT a reason why the Gospel is unique? a. It is unique in that all is provided by God, nothing required of man. b. It is a powerful force, the Holy Spirit affecting what it promises in the life of the hearer. c. People claim it is revealed by God and preserved in written texts. d. It offers explanation and help for our present condition while promising relief and perfection in eternity. e. It is comprehensive, coherent, and philosophically defensible. 85. Jesus contradicted worldly thinking about kingdoms by a. Teaching submission to civil rulers. b. Rejecting the legalism of religious rulers. c. Teaching that leadership consisted of love and service. d. All of the above. 86. What reasons do we have for accepting the authorship and authenticity of the Bible? a. As books were written by prophets or apostles they were recognized as being canonical (having authority). b. The early witnesses risked their lives in giving the testimony they left. c. Attacks against the Bible’s authenticity in the last 300 years are invented and not the result of any kind of evidence, either ancient or newly discovered. d. All of the above. 87. Which of the following is true regarding “modern” critical approaches to the Bible? a. Their roots are in the age of “Enlightenment” when man made his own reason master and rejected any idea of divine revelation. b. they tend to ignore or dismiss credible historical evidence. c. They tend to read their own thinking into texts and read texts in isolation and thus mis-read them. d. They are of limited value and appeal and so pass out of vogue relatively quickly. e. All of the above 88. Which of the following is NOT an example of modern critical approaches to the Bible? a. Source criticism b. Form criticism c. The historical grammatical method d. Redaction criticism e. Ideological readings 89. Eventually, modern critical scholarship determined that a. They should publicly apologize for their mistaken thinking and all the damage it has done, and that everyone should once again recognize the Bible as the Word of God. b. Nothing for certain could be known except that a man named Jesus once lived. c. Being critical makes you crabby and no fun to be around. d. The Bible was the only document ever written that was reliable. True of False – According to the Middendorf/Schuler text book Regarding the gospels 90. The word “gospel” refers to a book, “good news,” and an orderly account (according to Luke). true 91. The gospels are narrative Christology 92. The Old Testament is not a Christian book because it is a religious system distinct from and opposed to Christ and the New Testament. Regarding the epistle of James 93. James is a letter (epistle) of impractical idealism, urging the reader to be “all things to all people” 94. James asserts that people are either law keepers or law breakers 95. While Jesus is not referred to often by name, He lies behind the words of this epistle in a number of ways. Regarding Mark or 1 or 2 Peter 96. The cross (crucifixion of Jesus) plays a pivotal role in Mark’s portrait of Jesus 97. The “messianic secret” refers to the way in which people refused to talk about Jesus after He healed them, even though Jesus asked them to help his ministry and popularity by talking about Him to everyone, especially the religious leaders. 98. 1 Peter is among the New Testament books received as authentic without question (homologoumena) while 2 Peter faced but endured questions of authenticity (antilegomena). Regarding Luke 99. Judaism of the Second Temple period sharply distinguished the faithful from the unrighteous. 100. Luke ends the gospel with a brief account of the ascension of Jesus and begins Acts with a more detailed account of the same, thus providing an overlap between the end of Luke and beginning of Acts.

New Testament Introduction

 

Questions on New Testament reading

  1. Select the (approximate) time sequence for Creation, Flood, Babel, Abraham, Exodus, David, and Malachi (the last Word from God) which reflects my proposal:
    1. The whole thing was invented by writers in the 4th century BC.
    2. 10,000 – 8,000 – 6,000 – 2,100 – 1,400 – 1,000 – 400 BC.
    3. 10,000 – 700 – 500 – 400- 200 BC – 1,800 – 2,000AD.
    4. 10,000,000 – 80,000 – 60,000 – 40,000 – 20,000 – 10,000 – 4,000 BC.
  2. Matthew records a genealogy from Abraham to Jesus to make it clear that
    1. Jesus was NOT the product of a “superior” race of people.
    2. Jews could not deny blatant failures in their past.
    3. People cannot justify themselves before God.
    4. All of the above.
  3. Joseph’s relationship with Mary indicates that
    1. Public declaration of responsibility is the fundamental component of marriage.
    2. Physical intimacy was permitted only after all parties concerned were convinced that the man would indeed be responsible for and provide selflessly for the well-being of the woman.
    3. People’s words were binding (once Joseph declared his intent toward Mary, only a divorce could reverse those words).
    4. All of the above
  4. How did Herod react when the wise men failed to inform him of Jesus’ whereabouts?
    1. He was sorry for his evil intent and asked God to forgive him.
    2. He was angry and ordered the slaughter of male infants.
    3. He was unconcerned and dismissed the occasion as insignificant.
    4. He thought that the wise men had not found Jesus.
  5. Matthew records Jesus’ trip to Egypt because
    1. It makes the story more interesting.
    2. He is using the OT history as a template for inventing a NT myth.
    3. Jesus is living life on behalf of Israel and all people and these are indicative of significant aspects of everyone’s life.
    4. Matthew didn’t record this, it was added later by editors of the NT.
  6. Jesus returned from Egypt to Nazareth, to inspire a comparison between Jesus and Samson
    1. Both Samson and Jesus were “separated for a special calling” from their mother’s womb
    2. Samson forgot that his strength depended on the Word of the Lord; Jesus as the Word incarnate would never do that
    3. Samson was bound and mocked by his enemies, as was Jesus
    4. Samson died in order to kill his enemies; Jesus dies in order to save all, including His enemies
    5. All of the above
  7. In the beatitudes, the word translated “blessed” or “happy” means
    1. that you are oblivious to the events around you.
    2. You enjoy pain and suffering because it commends you to God.
    3. To be happy in spite of your circumstances.
    4. God wants you to be miserable while on this earth.
  8. Jesus said in Matthew 5 that you are the __________ of the earth and the __________ of the world.
    1. meek, poor
    2. salt, light
    3. righteous, faithful
  9. Jesus’ imperative that we “judge not”
    1. Means that we should never tell another person they are going to hell when they die (condemnation).
    2. Does not prohibit us from telling people that what they are doing is wrong (diagnosis).
    3. Neither a nor b.
    4. Both a & b.
  10. Jesus said you cannot put new wine into old wineskins, but must put it into new wine skins. The new wine refers to _____________ and the new skins refers to _____________.
    1. the Gospel, our new “man”
    2. cheap wine, styrofoam cup
    3. the law, our spirit
    4. modern teaching, an open mind
  11. Jesus’ life consisted of healing and teaching in the interest of correcting what had gone wrong. Jesus corrected the Jewish legal system in the following way(s):
    1. Jesus said, “I desire mercy and not sacrifice.”
    2. Jesus said, “the Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.”
    3. Jesus said, “Not what goes into a person but what comes out (of the mouth) is what makes him unclean.”
    4. All of the above
  12. Jesus’ conflicts with the ruling Jews over the Sabbath indicate that
    1. The Jews had misunderstood and misapplied the Old Testament law.
    2. The Sabbath was meant to be a gift rather than a burden.
    3. The whole New Testament would be a rest from the burden of the Law.
    4. All of the above.
  13. When Jesus fed the 5,000, He demonstrated that
    1. As true God, He was lord over all creation & could multiply elements.
    2. By providing for physical hunger He indicated that His word provided for spiritual hunger.
    3. No one would suffer want or lack any good thing by following Him.
    4. All of the above.
  14. When Peter was invited to walk on the water to Jesus, he began to sink because
    1. He lost track of where the rocks were just under the water.
    2. He was paying more attention to wind and waves than to the Words of Jesus.
    3. He wasn’t trying hard enough.
    4. Walking on water was his own idea, not Jesus’ idea.
  15. Jesus taught that the source of our defilement (sin) is
    1. The material world around us.
    2. Unclean foods, which is why we should not eat them.
    3. Our heart, revealed in the words that come out of our mouth.
    4. Bacteria that collects on unwashed hands.
  16. We know that Peter is not the rock upon which the church is built because
    1. Jesus uses a feminine form of “rock” which refers to Peter’s confession of the truth.
    2. Immediately following Jesus calls Peter “satan.”
    3. Jesus is that rock (though the foundation of the church does consist of the apostles and prophets, Eph 2:20) as Paul says in 1 Cor 10:4.
    4. All of the above.
  17. In regard to being greatest in the kingdom of God, Jesus taught that,
    1. We must be old enough/smart enough to understand His teaching.
    2. We must repent and become as little children.
    3. We must keep the law.
    4. We must follow our own hearts and be true to ourselves.
  18. When someone sins, Jesus said we should
    1. Tell the pastor or other concerned spiritual leader so they can deal with the problem.
    2. Warn people to stay away from that person, to make sure it doesn’t happen again.
    3. Speak to the person privately first, to make sure there is sin and to convey a genuine concern for the person’s restoration.
    4. Ask around to see if other people know about this sin or to see if there are other sins this person is guilty of.
  19. The Vineyard workers in Matthew 20 complained because
    1. The labor union would not support their grievance.
    2. They rejected the value of honest labor, companionship in that labor, fair wages, and most of all a gracious and generous master.
    3. The master gave more to the workers who had worked all day.
    4. All of the above.
  20. Jesus’ description of Judgment day in Matthew informs us that
    1. Because God is gracious and loving, everyone is saved in the end.
    2. People who do more good than bad win God’s favor and vice versa.
    3. It doesn’t matter what we do, God decides who is saved and who is damned.
    4. Believers are saved because all the perfect works/life of Christ cover them, the grace of God was doing good through them, and all their failures have been forgiven.
  21. Jesus’ last words in Matthew 28 teach that
    1. Jesus did not command His apostles to “GO” but to “MAKE DISCIPLES” as they go about, that is to say, wherever the course of their life would take them.
    2. “Baptizing” means being awash and “in the name of …” is referring to the Word of God; disciples are made by immersing people in the Word of God, which teaches us to seek the sacrament of baptism.
    3. Jesus confirms his meaning about “baptizing in My name” when He goes on to say, “teaching them to observe all things I have commanded you.”
    4. Jesus further confirms His focus on immersion in the Word by noting that He would, by means of His Word, be with His disciples always.
    5. All of the above.
  22. Which of the following is NOT taught in the Epistle of James
    1. A person who keeps most of God’s commandments will find more favor with God than a person who keeps few.
    2. Wars come from our own desires for pleasure and lusts that war within us.
    3. We are justified (demonstrated to be just) by our works (which is consistent with Paul’s teaching that we are justified (declared to be just) by faith alone (fruit proves the nature of the tree but God makes the tree).
    4. Everyone should be slow to speak, slow to anger, and quick to listen; very few should become teachers because those who represent Christ in public bear a stricter judgment.
  23. According to the Epistle of James
    1. We should rejoice when facing trials because trials press us out of a self-defeating life in the flesh into an infinite life provided by God through the regeneration of our soul.
    2. Every good and perfect gifts comes from above, from God
    3. God saves us, of His own will, by regenerating our soul by means of His Word and Spirit
    4. Prayer is effective because it gives God’s Word and will time to inform, re-orient, and bring to peace our own thoughts as we are informed of His.
    5. All of the above
  24. Temptation, according to James,
    1. Does not come from God, even though God is the subject of that verb in other contexts.
    2. Comes from within each person, when they are drawn away and enticed by their own desires.
    3. Results in the crown of life, if a person endures (by the strength and love of God).
    4. All of the above.
    5. None of the above
  25. Mark’s Gospel
    1. Begins with the birth of Jesus just like Matthew, Luke, and John.
    2. Is characterized by the slow pace of the narrative and positive view of people in general.
    3. Teaches that each person is responsible, on their own, to decide whether they will repent and believe.
    4. All of the above.
    5. None of the above.
  26. Mark’s record of Jesus’ baptism and trials in the wilderness
    1. Are exceedingly brief, in part because the longer version was already available in Matthew’s gospel.
    2. Alone includes that Jesus was in the wilderness with the wild beasts – fulfilling a prophecy from Isaiah about the lion laying down with the lamb; and relating to the experience of first century Christians who were being executed in the Coliseum.
    3. Are followed immediately by the beginning of Jesus’ public ministry in which He commanded repentance and faith (both of which are His own work in us).
    4. All of the above
    5. None of the above
  27. Mark’s record of Jesus sleeping in a boat during a storm teaches that
    1. Jesus is the Creator and remains Lord over His creation.
    2. Human beings are quick to accuse God of not caring.
    3. Human nature is quick to fear that which it need not fear and slow to believe what is worthy of faith.
    4. All of the above.
    5. None of the above.
  28. Which of the following is NOT true regarding Jesus’ healing the woman with the flow of blood
    1. The woman was healed because Jesus respected her for boldly coming up to Him and asking to be healed, even though no one else was around.
    2. Jesus spent time finding her because He wanted the crowd to consider what real faith looks like.
    3. While Jesus was spending time with the woman, the servants of Jairus came to tell him that his daughter was dead
    4. The woman knew the healing power of Jesus and His divine nature; therefore she came from behind only to touch the very edge of His garment, and she was healed.
  29. When people came from Jairus’ home and said his daughter was dead, Jesus responded by saying,
    1. Sorry, I guess we are too late.
    2. Don’t listen to them, Jairus, they don’t know what they are saying!
    3. Stop being afraid, only believe.
    4. If you have enough faith, everything will be fine.
  30. Jesus taught that divorce was permissible (though not required)
    1. Under no circumstances.
    2. If the husband no longer really cared for his wife.
    3. If one spouse or the other had committed adultery.
    4. Because Moses commanded it.
  31. Which of the following is NOT true about Jesus’ discussion of the end times?
    1. Jesus is no different than all the other crazy people who predicted the end of the world.
    2. There are partial fulfillments and indicators of the end times in all ages but we are always approaching the ultimate fulfillment.
    3. It doesn’t matter if we can figure out exactly when the end is because our end is always near, nearer than we think.
    4. People consumed with interest to know the time of the end clearly don’t get what our life here is about.
  32. Mark’s Gospel tells us that Jesus gave His apostles authority to do miracles (speak in languages, handle poisonous snakes, and drink poison) in order to
    1. To provide them with a means to win favor with people.
    2. To provide them with a means to make an income.
    3. Jesus gave them no such powers.
    4. To confirm that they spoke God’s Word as inspired by the Holy Spirit.
  33. Which of the following is NOT true of 1 Peter,
    1. He states plainly that our faith is a work of God, not of our own.
    2. He argues that the gospel makes us free to decide for ourselves what is right or wrong.
    3. He reminds us that by virtue of our new birth (baptism) we are a royal priesthood whose purpose is to bear witness to our savior.
    4. He says quite simply that baptism saves.
  34. 2 Peter has several prominent themes, which are
    1. The importance of truth; paying continual attention to the Word (“knowledge” & “reminder”) and warnings about false teachers.
    2. That there is no way of being sure of anything.
    3. That the Bible is only the writings of men and will loose its relevance and may contain errors that will eventually be exposed.
    4. That the narratives that appear to be historical and the idea of the devil are fictitious and need not concern us.
  35. 2 Peter says which of the following about the Bible as a whole?
    1. It is the prophetic word made more sure (by virtue of the NT’s fulfillment of the OT).
    2. It is not of any private interpretation.
    3. Holy men of God spoke (wrote) as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.
    4. All of the above.
    5. None of the above.
  36. According to Luke, Zacharias and Mary asked the same basic question of the same angel, so why was Zacharias struck mute while Mary received an explanation?
    1. The angel was a Feminist and was offended by Zacharias
    2. Zacharias asked about his son to be, but Mary was asking about Jesus.
    3. Zacharias was asking from a position of unbelief, while Mary wanted to believe and was asking for help.
    4. This is how the Old Testament prophesied things would be.
  37. According to Luke’s gospel, which of the following is NOT a person we meet in the narrative of Jesus’ birth and infancy
    1. Shepherds who came from the field to worship him and then returned to the field
    2. King Herod
    3. Simeon in the temple
    4. Anna in the temple
  38. What does Luke tell us about Jesus’ childhood?
    1. Jesus and His family were not very devout and hardly ever attended the feasts in Jerusalem.
    2. Jesus’ parents were very irresponsible and didn’t care if He was with them or not.
    3. Jesus, at age twelve, provides an excellent example of apologetics, amazing the religious teachers with His questions and answers.
    4. From age twelve on, Jesus was a rebel and disobeyed his parents.
  39. When John was baptizing…
    1. Jewish ruling classes also came out, but John rebuked them severely.
    2. Tax collectors, harlots, soldiers, (and other sinners) were coming out to him confessing their sins.
    3. Jesus came, was baptized, the heavens opened, the Holy Spirit descended and remained upon Jesus, and a voice said, “this is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased.”
    4. All of the above.
    5. None of the above.
  40. Jesus was in the desert
    1. Because He could not afford a residence in Jerusalem.
    2. Because the Spirit had lead Him there, to endure every temptation of the devil, to do right what Israel did wrong during the exodus (and what we do wrong during the course of our life in this world).
    3. He was afraid of the ruling Jews and their police.
    4. All of the above
    5. None of the above.
  41. In Luke 4, Jesus makes 2 important points during His teaching in the synagogue;
    1. He IS the fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy AND the Gentiles have a history of being more receptive to God’s activity than the Jews.
    2. He is a better preacher than anyone AND Gentiles should not be allowed in the synagogue.
    3. Old Testament prophecy of the Messiah was mistaken in many ways AND God actually treats Gentiles with more favor than Jews.
    4. People are still supposed to keep the Sabbath AND Old Testament prophecy is irrelevant for Christians.
  42. Which of the following is NOT true about the transfiguration of Jesus?
    1. Moses (representing the law) and Elijah (representing the prophets) appeared with Him.
    2. Peter wanted to build shelters but God told him to LISTEN!
    3. God was confirming the person of His Son in preparation for His suffering and death.
    4. All the apostles were alert and made the most of this occasion.
  43. Jesus taught that
    1. Being rejected by people is not a cause to seek their destruction but a means by which God keeps us on the path He has prepared for us.
    2. The law does not justify a person who can argue that he has never broken it, but justifies a person who is motivated by love to care for others, like the Good Samaritan.
    3. Mary, who was listening, had chosen the good portion which would not be taken from her in contrast to Martha who was working to commend herself in the eyes of Jesus,.
    4. All of the above
  44. The “Lord’s Prayer” teaches us that
    1. A significant purpose of prayer is to continually reorient our thinking toward the kingdom of God. This reorientation leads to and flows from the middle petition which asks for daily bread (the Word of God).
    2. We are expected to pray it exactly as given, like an incantation NOT like a pattern.
    3. Each petition speaks to a separate and unrelated issue.
    4. God expects us to be mostly concerned with getting the things we want, like everyone else has.
  45. Jesus taught that we should take the lowest place at dinners because,
    1. He thought he was better than everyone else.
    2. We can actually attract more attention to ourselves if we are asked to move up.
    3. The truth requires our humility and this truth prepares us for the grace of God that lifts us up.
    4. People that sit in the low places are more fun than the “important” people.
  46. In order to be a genuine disciple of Jesus, a person must hate his/her own self and family because
    1. To “hate” (in this context) means that our physical life must always be used in service of the spiritual.
    2. You can only truly love one person at a time, so if that is to be Jesus, we must hate everyone else.
    3. Hate means to neglect, so we must neglect our family if we would serve Him.
    4. Jesus never said we must hate our own selves or families.
  47. According to the parable of the lost sheep, coin, and son,
    1. A genuine Christian would see himself as the one who is lost (then found).
    2. Self-righteous people would see themselves as having no need to be found.
    3. Our human nature is like the prodigal son before conversion and like the older son after conversion.
    4. We are to be encouraged by the desire of God to find us and the rejoicing that results when He does.
    5. All of the above.
  48. Which of the following is NOT true about the parable of the unjust steward?
    1. “Wasting” the master’s goods meant doing nothing at all with them.
    2. The steward was commended because God had a soft spot for thieves.
    3. The steward was commended because he finally did something with his master’s things, even if that meant giving them away (forgiving debt).
    4. All people will be called to account for their stewardship of the life God gave them.
  49. When Jesus spoke about the rich man and Lazarus,
    1. He was telling a true story, not a parable (Lazarus is named and there is no mention of “parable”).
    2. The rich man is not named so that anyone might identify with him and repent.
    3. He taught that when we die we go immediately to heaven or hell and that one may not cross from one to the other.
    4. He taught that if a person does not respond to the Word, nothing will change their disposition toward God.
    5. All of the above.
  50. The Gospel of Luke is unique in his recording of
    1. The shift from OT (Passover) to NT (Lord’s Supper) on the night Jesus was betrayed.
    2. Jesus’ words to Peter about Satan’s desire to sift him like wheat, the fact that he would be restored after the denials, and the look Jesus gave him.
    3. Jesus’ walk with the two disciples on the road to Emmaus – how He opened the scriptures to them beginning with Moses and the prophets.
    4. All of the above.
  51. The crucifixion of Jesus demonstrates, once for all, that
    1. God had fulfilled all the demands of the law in His Son.
    2. God does not deal with us according to His wrath, nor according to our sins.
    3. Only people who persistently, emphatically demand to stand outside this atonement of Christ will die in their sins, under God’s righteous condemnation.
    4. All of the above.
  52. The history of Lazarus and the Rich Man, and the Thief on the Cross demonstrate that
    1. Bad things happen to good people.
    2. The human soul, at death, goes immediately to heaven or hell.
    3. Jerusalem was a rough place to live.
    4. We should make every effort to enjoy ourselves in this world, before it is too late.

Questions on Introductory Notes

  1. According to my notes on Guthrie’s New Testament Introduction, the first Gospel

written was _______________ about _____ AD.

    1. Mark, 55
    2. John, 99
    3. Luke, 65
    4. Matthew, 50
  1. The Epistle of James was addressed, in the first place, towards
  2. Gentiles in Asia
  3. Wealthy, Jewish Christians in Jerusalem as well as those farther away.
  4. Jews who needed advice on how to keep the law of Moses.
  5. Romans who were curious about the basic teachings of Christianity.
  1. Which of the following would NOT be true about the gospel of Mark?
  1. Mark probably wrote for the apostle Peter (2 Peter 1.15)
  2. Mark devotes relatively little time to the events of Holy Week
  3. Mark was the young man who ran away naked from the Garden of Gethsemane
  4. Mark skips the first 30 years of Jesus’ life and uses the word “immediately” often
  1. The first epistle of Peter is addressed to
  1. Jews in the area of Jerusalem
  2. Gentiles in Egypt
  3. Christians who lived in Asian cities because of the “dispersion”
  4. Christians who lived in Jerusalem and Judea.
  1. The second epistle of Peter was
  1. Written from Rome.
  2. Written shortly before Peter’s execution.
  3. Written to provide a reminder and to point to the reminder that Peter would provide by way of Mark’s Gospel.
  4. All of the above.
  1. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the gospel of Luke?
  1. Luke was a physician, hence the interest in meta-physical realities.
  2. Luke was a travel companion of Paul
  3. Luke was one of the original 12 apostles who changed his name.
  4. Luke wrote to inform and to respond to misinformation (apologetic).

 

Questions on Related Studies in the Notes posted in Blackboard

  1. Which of the following is NOT a category of Old Testament writing?
  1. Epistles
  2. Torah (Law).
  3. Writings (poetry).
  1. The NT consists of what kind of writings?
  1. Songs, letters, and poetry.
  2. Fiction, myth, and legend, and saga.
  3. Gospels, history, epistles, and apocalyptic.
  4. Who cares, it doesn’t speak to anything that is important today.
  1. A testament
  1. Is not the same as a covenant
  2. Is “unilateral” or one way.
  3. Emphasizes the faithfulness and dependability of God
  4. All of the above
  1. The Septuagint
  1. Is a translation of the New Testament into Coptic
  2. Was copied by 50 scribes
  3. Is a Greek translation of the OT, produced between 400 and 250 BC mainly in Alexandria, and is in part a commentary.
  4. Was produced in Athens by order of Philip of Macedonia
  1. The “Apocrypha” refers to
  1. A movie about the Vietnam war staring Marlin Brando.
  2. A text of curses that could be imposed on wicked people.
  3. The Greek text of Revelation.
  4. Texts not traditionally accepted into the Old Testament canon, written between

200 BC – 100 AD).

  1. What reasons exist for paying careful attention to the New Testament?
  1. It consists of eyewitness testimony of OT fulfillment and NT realities.
  2. It is the inspired (God breathed) Word of God.
  3. The early Christian church recognized these documents as inspired.
  4. All of the above.
  1. Which of the following is NOT a witness to the integrity of the New Testament text?
  1. The Vatican Library possesses the “autographs.”
  2. There is a wealth of evidence (more than 5,000 manuscripts).
  3. Brief time span between original writing and earliest copies we have.
  4. NT translations into other languages and quotes in Early Church Fathers.
  1. The term “Concursus” refers to
  1. The large area at the airport filled with smaller gates.
  2. The combination of divine and human elements which produced the Holy Bible.
  3. The process by which scholars decide what is or isn’t true in the Bible.
  4. A famous series of meetings about the Bible, including the “Jesus Seminar.”
  1. The succession of power from the fall of the 10 Northern tribes until the birth of Christ was as follows;
  1. Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks (Alexander the Great), Romans.
  2. Persians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Romans, Greeks.
  3. Egyptians, Syrians, Romans, Babylonians.
  4. Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Turks, Romans.
  1. What family led the Jews to independence for a time between the Testaments?
  1. Partridge
  2. Zadokite
  3. Maccabees
  4. Simpson
  5. None of the above
  1. The Herodian Succession actually began when __________________ rewarded Antipater for delivering him from a siege in ________________ 48-47 BC.
  1. Claudius, Jerusalem
  2. Julius Caesar, Alexandria
  3. Nero, Rome
  4. Julius Caesar, Babylon
  1. Which of the following is NOT a reason why Herod was successful/well known ?
  1. He was suspicious of everyone and vicious in dealing with challengers.
  2. He protected the Jews religious sensibilities.
  3. He never gave in to the Roman’s will.
  4. He completed numerous and magnificent building projects, including the temple in Jerusalem.
  1. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the high-priesthood just before and during the NT period,
  1. The genuine priestly line of the Zaddokites was displaced.
  2. The high-priest was appointed and replaced often by the civil rulers.
  3. Wealthy families obtained and retained the high-priesthood by their wealth and social influence.
  4. This group in Israel provided orthodox teaching and stability for the Jews.
  1. Select the set of descriptions that is most accurate,
  1. Sadducees, Pharisees, and Essenes are all members of the same group but refer to Jewish, Samaritan, and Gentile members.
  2. Sadducees were few but wealthy, powerful and controlled the high priesthood, Pharisees kept separate in order to stay pure and were very popular with the masses, Essenes sought to keep the law rigorously and lived in the desert West of the Dead Sea.
  3. Sadducees promoted the idea of a bodily resurrection, Pharisees had no use for the oral law, Essenes tried to protect their people by blending into society.
  4. Sadducees, Pharisees, and Essenes are the same name in different languages.
  1. The “Zealots” held a position that forbade them to acknowledge any authority besides God.  This sentiment is partially revealed
  1. When Jesus instructed His followers not to pay taxes.
  2. In the fact that the High Priestly families paid the highest taxes.
  3. In the question put to Jesus over whether it was right to pay taxes to Ceasar or not.
  4. By the Roman’s reluctance to tax the Jews.
  1. Which of the following is true regarding Qumran
  1. Best identified with the Essenes rather than Sadduccees, Pharisees, or Zealots.
  2. Well know writing/terms included; “Rule of the Community,” Teacher of Righteousness, Wicked Priest.
  3. Biblical interpretation oriented toward their own situation
  4. All of the above.
  1. The Jewish Messianic Hope
  1. matched exactly with the person of Jesus
  2. was based on Old Testament prophecy alone and was uniform.
  3. was of no particular concern to the Roman government.
  4. was as varied as the groups who hoped for one and usually included aspects of civil liberation, prosperity, and war.
  1.  Judaism at the time of Christ had these characteristics:
  1. Centrality of Temple worship, especially for major feasts.
  2. Establishment of synagogues to support the religious vitality of Jews who now lived all over the empire.
  3. Categorized by Jews, Proselytes, and “God – Fearers.”
  4. All of the above.
  1. John the Baptist was important because he
  1. Set new standards for dressing and eating.
  2. Established a sect of Jews that actually kept the law of Moses.
  3. Marked the final manifestation of God’s prophets and the giving way of the Old Testament to the New.
  4. Taught the people to reject the Jewish and Roman authorities.
  1. The term “polytheistic syncretism” refers to
  1. Belief in a number of gods plus the blending of teachings about those gods.
  2. A widespread practice among people during the time of Jesus.
  3. The tendency of most people, even Jews, to alter their religious beliefs to include popular religious ideas.
  4. All of the above.
  1. Which statement is true regarding the condition of Christianity and Judaism after the destruction of the temple in 70AD?
  1. They both disintegrated, since they had no central holy place.
  2. They joined forces to retake Jerusalem and rebuild the temple by combining their beliefs.
  3. They both seemed to thrive without the temple.
  4. War broke out between Jews and Christians since they blamed each other for provoking the Romans.
  1. Which of the following is NOT an important reason for the gospels being written?
  1. God intended for His Word to be written to provide an authoritative and permanent witness to the truth
  2. The apostles weren’t fishing any more and needed a source of income from royalties
  3. The Christian faith needed to provide an apologetic response to what was being slanderously said about it
  4. The faith was spreading faster than the apostles could keep up with it, so their witness was needed in a form that would be reliable and could be multiplied
  1.  Which of the following was NOT an issue in Jesus’ trial and crucifixion?
  1. Pilate and Herod became friends via courtesies extended to each other.
  2. Roman custom nailed a declaration of charges over a crucified person’s head.
  3. Pilate crucified Barabbas with Jesus just to spite the Jews.
  4. Jews accused Jesus of claiming to be the Messiah which was blasphemy to them and sedition in regard to the Roman government.
  1. Jesus is unique because
  1. He is the only begotten Son of the one and only true God and true man, born of the virgin Mary.
  2. He is the creator and sustainer of the universe.
  3. He took upon Himself all that the law requires in order to be our substitute, endured the condemnation of the law, died, and rose again from the dead and ascended into heaven.
  4. He demonstrated His bodily resurrection in a multitude of ways, over a forty day period, to many different people including more than five hundred people at one time.
  5. All of the above.
  1. The Bible is unique because
  1. It is the inspired, inerrant, infallible Word of God.
  2. It is composed of 3 languages.
  3. It was written by prophets and apostles over a period of fifteen hundred years, who were authenticated by divine signs and wonders.
  4. It is unparalleled in its scope and content including prophecy, history, poetry, and divine revelation.
  5. All of the above.
  1.  Which of the following is NOT a reason why the Gospel is unique?
  1. It is unique in that all is provided by God, nothing required of man.
  2. It is a powerful force, the Holy Spirit affecting what it promises in the life of the hearer.
  3. People claim it is revealed by God and preserved in written texts.
  4. It offers explanation and help for our present condition while promising relief and perfection in eternity.
  5. It is comprehensive, coherent, and philosophically defensible.
  1. Jesus contradicted worldly thinking about kingdoms by
  1. Teaching submission to civil rulers.
  2. Rejecting the legalism of religious rulers.
  3. Teaching that leadership consisted of love and service.
  4. All of the above.
  1. What reasons do we have for accepting the authorship and authenticity of the Bible?
  1. As books were written by prophets or apostles they were recognized as being canonical (having authority).
  2. The early witnesses risked their lives in giving the testimony they left.
  3. Attacks against the Bible’s authenticity in the last 300 years are invented and not the result of any kind of evidence, either ancient or newly discovered.
  4. All of the above.
  1. Which of the following is true regarding “modern” critical approaches to the Bible?
  1. Their roots are in the age of “Enlightenment” when man made his own reason master and rejected any idea of divine revelation.
  2. they tend to ignore or dismiss credible historical evidence.
  3. They tend to read their own thinking into texts and read texts in isolation and thus mis-read them.
  4. They are of limited value and appeal and so pass out of vogue relatively quickly.
  5. All of the above
  1. Which of the following is NOT an example of modern critical approaches to the Bible?
  1. Source criticism
  2. Form criticism
  3. The historical grammatical method
  4. Redaction criticism
  5. Ideological readings
  1. Eventually, modern critical scholarship determined that
  1. They should publicly apologize for their mistaken thinking and all the damage it has done, and that everyone should once again recognize the Bible as the Word of God.
  2. Nothing for certain could be known except that a man named Jesus once lived.
  3. Being critical makes you crabby and no fun to be around.
  4. The Bible was the only document ever written that was reliable.

 

True of False – According to the Middendorf/Schuler text book

Regarding the gospels

  1. The word “gospel” refers to a book, “good news,” and an orderly account (according to Luke). true
  2. The gospels are narrative Christology
  3. The Old Testament is not a Christian book because it is a religious system distinct from and opposed to Christ and the New Testament.

Regarding the epistle of James

  1. James is a letter (epistle) of impractical idealism, urging the reader to be “all things to all people”
  2. James asserts that people are either law keepers or law breakers
  3. While Jesus is not referred to often by name, He lies behind the words of this epistle in a number of ways.

Regarding Mark or 1 or 2 Peter

  1. The cross (crucifixion of Jesus) plays a pivotal role in Mark’s portrait of Jesus
  2. The “messianic secret” refers to the way in which people refused to talk about Jesus after He healed them, even though Jesus asked them to help his ministry and popularity by talking about Him to everyone, especially the religious leaders.
  3. 1 Peter is among the New Testament books received as authentic without question (homologoumena) while 2 Peter faced but endured questions of authenticity (antilegomena).

Regarding Luke

  1. Judaism of the Second Temple period sharply distinguished the faithful from the unrighteous.
  2. Luke ends the gospel with a brief account of the ascension of Jesus and begins Acts with a more detailed account of the same, thus providing an overlap between the end of Luke and beginning of Acts.

 

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