Topic: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Students will submit a 30-40 page typewritten major paper that focuses on a particular mental disorder (PTSD) and the indicated etiology, assessment, and treatment of that disorder. References should be as follows: Academic resources, primarily journal articles and research studies. No more than two (2) references may be Psychiatric journals, no blogs, editorials, etc., and most should be from American Psychological Association or American Counseling Association affiliated journals. References should be recent (last 5 years), but you may cite an earlier seminal article or you may have one review paper.
* If you don?t understand it, don?t write it. Anyone can copy a bunch of statistical tests and results in an attempt to fill out the page count. Write what you understand to be the significance of the results.
After reviewing the papers, give an overview of the current status of etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the assigned disorder.
A. What are the limitations of the research done so far?
B. Are the results of the different papers consistent enough that a clear picture emerges of the characteristics and treatments for this disorder?
C. A well-written paper will give a good understanding of the studies conducted and
what results were obtained, as well as your perspective on the “state of the art”:
D. Do not get all your information for the paper from a book chapter or a large review
paper (a meta-study: one that describes the research of many others rather than reporting on an actual study). It’s OK to use a review paper or book chapter as one reference and to give yourself some perspective, but you should get into some actual recent clinical, research reports. You need to be able to report in your paper some information about how the research was conducted and what results were obtained, NOT just some other reviewer’s interpretation of what the results mean. Analyze each of the reports critically.
Review of Literature
Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.
You will be assigned a topic within the body of research pertaining to psychopathology (the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of pervasive development disorders, for instance). The review itself is the result of a comprehensive study of the topic. The format should be as follows:
In the introduction, you should:
? Define or identify the general topic, issue, or area of concern, thus providing an appropriate context for reviewing the literature.
? Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.
Establish your reason (point of view) for reviewing the literature; explain the criteria to be used in analyzing and comparing literature and the organization of the review (sequence); and, when necessary, state why certain literature is or is not included (scope).
In the body, you should:
? Group research studies and other types of literature (reviews, theoretical articles, case studies, etc.) according to common denominators such as qualitative versus quantitative approaches, conclusions of authors, specific purpose or objective, chronology, etc.
? Summarize individual studies or articles with as much or as little detail as each merits according to its comparative importance in the literature, remembering that space (length) denotes significance.
Provide the reader with strong “umbrella” sentences at beginnings of paragraphs, “signposts” throughout, and brief “so what” summary sentences at intermediate points in the review to aid in understanding comparisons and analyses.
In the conclusion, you should:
? Summarize major contributions of significant studies and articles to the body of knowledge under review, maintaining the focus established in the introduction.
? Evaluate the current “state of the art” for the body of knowledge reviewed, pointing out major methodological flaws or gaps in research, inconsistencies in theory and findings, and areas or issues pertinent to future study.
Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
In the references section, you should:
? List all sources used in preparing the review. Proper citation of the sources must appear in the text of the paper.