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QUESTION 3 In his 1890 text, William James stated that brain biology must be a part of psychology. True False QUESTION 4 According to James, “no mental modification ever occurs which is not accompanied or followed by a bodily change.” This means that the biology of the entire body (heart rate, respiration, etc.) is related with the mental life. True False QUESTION 5 For James, instinct: is semi-automatic is automatic is voluntary none of the above QUESTION 6 In his introductory chapter, The Scope of Psychology, James describes work by Goltz that illustrated purposeful behavior in frogs vanishing when the cerebral cortex is destroyed, thus illustrating that purpose exists in the mind. True False QUESTION 7 According to the authors of Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience, fMRI research is misrepresented by science journalism and overzealous neuorscientists. True False QUESTION 8 The history of psychology reveals a series of fads that dominate the attention of the researchers & the public. True False QUESTION 9 Departments of neuroscience, as well as degrees in neuroscience, independent of psychology departments, are becoming common at many universities. True False QUESTION 10 According to the authors of Brainwashed, one of the reasons that people are so drawn to fMRI research is because of its visual nature. True False QUESTION 11 According to he authors of Brainwashed, the media has a good understanding of what brain images mean. True False QUESTION 12 In 2008, neuroscientists from UCLA successfully predicted that the presidential candidates would be Barack Obama & John McCain. True False QUESTION 13 Science journalists often overstate the reality of scientific research findings. True False QUESTION 14 University press offices often overstate research findings to gain publicity for their institutions. True False QUESTION 15 The news headline, “Love found in the brain” is a scientifically responsible statement. True False QUESTION 16 The more active a brain area is when presented with a stimuli, the more powerful that stimulus is. True False QUESTION 17 According to the authors of Brainwashed, he fad of neuroscience has been called: neuromania neurohubris neurohype all of these QUESTION 18 The authors of the reading, Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience are English professors, not scientists. True False QUESTION 19 William James called psychology that explained hate or love as merely reactions of brain areas or brain chemicals “nothing but” psychology. True False QUESTION 20 Mapping the human brain is possible through neuroimaging. True False QUESTION 21 There are universal, single, areas of the brain in which tasks are processed identically is all humans. True False QUESTION 22 Dead salmon have shown activated fMRI brain activity. True False QUESTION 23 Computer imaging (fMRI, MRI) is a: research method research technology research experiment research theory QUESTION 24 The amygdala is known to be active in: fear sexual arousal happiness all of the above QUESTION 25 Most colorful brain image scans that we see in the media are: a statistical composite of many brains one person’s brain “snapshot” images of a brain completely useless QUESTION 26 The visual cortex in blind people can be active when perceiving touch, such as in the use of braille. True False QUESTION 27 The authors of Brainwashed argue that whenever one sees a headline, “Brain Scans Show…” they should entertain some health skepticism. True False QUESTION 28 Neurorealism refers to: the science fiction prediction of a virtual reality. neural reducitonism. the fact the neurons make reality real. the tendency to regard brain imaging as more “real” than other measure of research. QUESTION 29 According to the authors of Brainwashed, much of the neuroscience research is overstated neurohype that should be taken with caution. True False QUESTION 30 In Kline’s chapter, Electrons or human beings? He calls the computer model of the brian as CPU: von Neuman thinking AI IP Information Processing Model QUESTION 31 Step by step decision processing of computers is called: parallel processing serial processing multivariate processing information processing QUESTION 32 According to Waltz & Pollack (in Electrons or human beings?), serial processing adequately represents human mental processing. True False QUESTION 33 Ambiguity of meaning in interpretation of a sentence is easily handled through serial processing models. True False QUESTION 34 Humans are believed to think in a way called parallel processing. True False QUESTION 35 According to Kline, much of cognitive science looks more like electronics than psychology. True False QUESTION 36 According to Kline, what is important to psychologists is what is being seen, not how it is being seen (mind versus physiology). True False QUESTION 37 According to Dr. Giobbi’s lecture, neuroscience is interdisciplinary. True False QUESTION 38 Neuroscience researchers often discuss perspectives of their topic from outside of science. This includes: economics literature art all of the above QUESTION 39 Neuroscience (unlike psychology) is not plagued by: A history of infighting on what the discipline is & how it should be done. A rigid, singular point of view. A preoccupation with being viewed as one of the sciences. all of these QUESTION 40 It is not uncommon to find art & philosophy discussed in neuroscience texts. True False QUESTION 41 “Prof. Xavie agrees that evolutionary theory is flawed, therefor it is.” This is an example of: appeal to authority bandwagon gambler’s fallacy ambiguity QUESTION 42 John has flipped heads four times in a row, therefor it is more likely that he will flip tails soon. This thinking illustrates the: appeal to authority bandwagon gambler’s fallacy appeal to authority QUESTION 43 “All of the psychology textbooks say that experiments show cause & effect, therefore it must be true.” This is an example of: appeal to authority bandwagon gambler’s fallacy ambiguity QUESTION 44 Recently there has been a trend in which psychology undergraduate students are choosing to attend graduate programs in neuroscience departments. True False QUESTION 45 Neuroscience is the same as psychology. True False

QUESTION 3

In his 1890 text, William James stated that brain biology must be a part of psychology.

True

False

QUESTION 4

According to James, “no mental modification ever occurs which is not accompanied or followed by a bodily change.” This means that the biology of the entire body (heart rate, respiration, etc.) is related with the mental life.

True

False

QUESTION 5

For James, instinct:

is semi-automatic
is automatic
is voluntary
none of the above

QUESTION 6

In his introductory chapter, The Scope of Psychology, James describes work by Goltz that illustrated purposeful behavior in frogs vanishing when the cerebral cortex is destroyed, thus illustrating that purpose exists in the mind.

True

False

QUESTION 7

According to the authors of Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience, fMRI research is misrepresented by science journalism and overzealous neuorscientists.

True

False

QUESTION 8

The history of psychology reveals a series of fads that dominate the attention of the researchers & the public.

True

False

QUESTION 9

Departments of neuroscience, as well as degrees in neuroscience, independent of psychology departments, are becoming common at many universities.

True

False

QUESTION 10

According to the authors of Brainwashed, one of the reasons that people are so drawn to fMRI research is because of its visual nature.

True

False

QUESTION 11

According to he authors of Brainwashed, the media has a good understanding of what brain images mean.

True

False

QUESTION 12

In 2008, neuroscientists from UCLA successfully predicted that the presidential candidates would be Barack Obama & John McCain.

True

False

QUESTION 13

Science journalists often overstate the reality of scientific research findings.

True

False

QUESTION 14

University press offices often overstate research findings to gain publicity for their institutions.

True

False

QUESTION 15

The news headline, “Love found in the brain” is a scientifically responsible statement.

True

False

QUESTION 16

The more active a brain area is when presented with a stimuli, the more powerful that stimulus is.

True

False

QUESTION 17

According to the authors of Brainwashed, he fad of neuroscience has been called:

neuromania
neurohubris
neurohype
all of these

QUESTION 18

The authors of the reading, Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience are English professors, not scientists.

True

False

QUESTION 19

William James called psychology that explained hate or love as merely reactions of brain areas or brain chemicals “nothing but” psychology.

True

False

QUESTION 20

Mapping the human brain is possible through neuroimaging.

True

False

QUESTION 21

There are universal, single, areas of the brain in which tasks are processed identically is all humans.

True

False

QUESTION 22

Dead salmon have shown activated fMRI brain activity.

True

False

QUESTION 23

Computer imaging (fMRI, MRI) is a:

research method
research technology
research experiment
research theory

QUESTION 24

The amygdala is known to be active in:

fear
sexual arousal
happiness
all of the above

QUESTION 25

Most colorful brain image scans that we see in the media are:

a statistical composite of many brains
one person’s brain
“snapshot” images of a brain
completely useless

QUESTION 26

The visual cortex in blind people can be active when perceiving touch, such as in the use of braille.

True

False

QUESTION 27

The authors of Brainwashed argue that whenever one sees a headline, “Brain Scans Show…” they should entertain some health skepticism.

True

False

QUESTION 28

Neurorealism refers to:

the science fiction prediction of a virtual reality.
neural reducitonism.
the fact the neurons make reality real.
the tendency to regard brain imaging as more “real” than other measure of research.

QUESTION 29

According to the authors of Brainwashed, much of the neuroscience research is overstated neurohype that should be taken with caution.

True

False

QUESTION 30

In Kline’s chapter, Electrons or human beings? He calls the computer model of the brian as CPU:

von Neuman thinking
AI
IP
Information Processing Model

QUESTION 31

Step by step decision processing of computers is called:

parallel processing
serial processing
multivariate processing
information processing

QUESTION 32

According to Waltz & Pollack (in Electrons or human beings?), serial processing adequately represents human mental processing.

True

False

QUESTION 33

Ambiguity of meaning in interpretation of a sentence is easily handled through serial processing models.

True

False

QUESTION 34

Humans are believed to think in a way called parallel processing.

True

False

QUESTION 35

According to Kline, much of cognitive science looks more like electronics than psychology.

True

False

QUESTION 36

According to Kline, what is important to psychologists is what is being seen, not how it is being seen (mind versus physiology).

True

False

QUESTION 37

According to Dr. Giobbi’s lecture, neuroscience is interdisciplinary.

True

False

QUESTION 38

Neuroscience researchers often discuss perspectives of their topic from outside of science. This includes:

economics
literature
art
all of the above

QUESTION 39

Neuroscience (unlike psychology) is not plagued by:

A history of infighting on what the discipline is & how it should be done.
A rigid, singular point of view.
A preoccupation with being viewed as one of the sciences.
all of these

QUESTION 40

It is not uncommon to find art & philosophy discussed in neuroscience texts.

True

False

QUESTION 41

“Prof. Xavie agrees that evolutionary theory is flawed, therefor it is.” This is an example of:

appeal to authority
bandwagon
gambler’s fallacy
ambiguity

QUESTION 42

John has flipped heads four times in a row, therefor it is more likely that he will flip tails soon. This thinking illustrates the:

appeal to authority
bandwagon
gambler’s fallacy
appeal to authority

QUESTION 43

“All of the psychology textbooks say that experiments show cause & effect, therefore it must be true.” This is an example of:

appeal to authority
bandwagon
gambler’s fallacy
ambiguity

QUESTION 44

Recently there has been a trend in which psychology undergraduate students are choosing to attend graduate programs in neuroscience departments.

True

False

QUESTION 45

Neuroscience is the same as psychology.

True

False

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