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TASKS: COMPLETE EACH OF THE BELOW TASKS For this assignment, you will be using the recordings you made of word-initial plosives for your first assignment. 1. Based on the literature, what predictions can you formulate for the voicing patterns in the language of your choice “I used English as my second language” 2. Measure the VOT of the words you recorded(Note that we are looking only at the first consonant in each word.)”I measured the words, you can see them after these tasks” 3. Make a table for your VOT measurements. Organize your table in a linguistically meaningful order. a) Give an IPA transcription and gloss (as on IPA word list; see above). b) Give the VOT for each repetition of each word. c) Also give an average VOT for each word, averaging across all repetitions of that word. 4. Write this up as a lab report. Information about background, etc., discussion of results. In this section, return to your hypotheses from task (1) and evaluate them. Exactly how you do this is up to you to decide, but here are some points to work with: a) Your discussion should include at least one data graphic (such as a bar chart or a scatterplot) as part of the discussion of your hypothesis/es, allowing you to explicitly compare and contrast relevant values for the argument you would like to make. Think carefully about how to set up your data graphic. How should the information be organized? Does the order of the categories matter? b) If any words or categories did not behave as expected, or if any problems occurred in measuring the sound files, you should discuss these issues in the Discussion section also. 5. Describe how the information you have gathered could be useful in a study of L2 speech productionand perception. Exactly how you do this is also up to you to decide, but you may want to think about the following: a) It may help to think about a specific group of learners, i.e. who have a first language that differs in terms of voicing from your chosen language. b) You could then come up with specific hypotheses as to how they may differ from the results you found. Make sure to come up with hypotheses for both production and perception. c) You might also want to think about any factors that are known to affect speech production in the L2, e.g. proficiency, age of learning, etc. and may want to use those in your discussion. Please follow the instruction carefully: Dlshad’ English (English is my second language) I used the Praat program of this data. bit -155 bat -126 bye -111 bye -126 Mean /b/ -129.5 tie 77 tog 131 tuck 93 table 108 Mean /t/: 102.25 die -141 dog -122 duck -151 danger -99 Mean /d/ -128.25 kale 145 kit 137 cab 149 cut 117 Mean /k/ 137 gale -167 gale -175 gut -145 git -171 Mean /g/ -164.5 Dlshad’s VOT Means voiced voiceless bil -129.5 87.25 alv -128 102.25 vel -164.5 137 Dlshad’s VOT You can compare my data with Sara’s data as a native speaker of English language and write 700 words for the comparison. Sara’s VOT Means voiced voiceless bil 13.75 90.25 alv 21 115.5 vel 27.25 114.5 I attach my voice recording with this document, for the data I used program praat for my recording (I am L2 learner of English language). For the methodology you can write, how I used the recording lab to record my voice. Also, I how I collected data by creating the word list and use them in the praat program. You can expand this to 400 words. Please: 1- As normal essays write introduction, body paragraph, research questions, methodology, discussion, result, and conclusion. 2- Avoid repetition and digression. 3- Try to read the style sheet for linguistic essays in Bangor university in the UK in this link: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/linguistics/documents/Style-sheet.pdf Please try to • Reference in-text with page number. • Use 16 references, and try to use more e-journals than e-books • Use APA way of referencing. • Send me the references as PDF files or the link of the references because we have been asked to show them to the professor. . Please, follow the instructions andwrite it down in a high quality, I want to get 80%. Kind Regards Dlshad

TASKS: COMPLETE EACH OF THE BELOW TASKS

For this assignment, you will be using the recordings you made of word-initial plosives for your first assignment.

1. Based on the literature, what predictions can you formulate for the voicing patterns in the language of your choice “I used English as my second language”

2. Measure the VOT of the words you recorded(Note that we are looking only at the first consonant in each word.)”I measured the words, you can see them after these tasks”

3. Make a table for your VOT measurements. Organize your table in a linguistically meaningful order.

a) Give an IPA transcription and gloss (as on IPA word list; see above).
b) Give the VOT for each repetition of each word.
c) Also give an average VOT for each word, averaging across all repetitions of that word.

4. Write this up as a lab report. Information about background, etc., discussion of results. In this section, return to your hypotheses from task (1) and evaluate them. Exactly how you do this is up to you to decide, but here are some points to work with:

a) Your discussion should include at least one data graphic (such as a bar chart or a scatterplot) as part of the discussion of your hypothesis/es, allowing you to explicitly compare and contrast relevant values for the argument you would like to make. Think carefully about how to set up your data graphic. How should the information be organized? Does the order of the categories matter?
b) If any words or categories did not behave as expected, or if any problems occurred in measuring the sound files, you should discuss these issues in the Discussion section also.

5. Describe how the information you have gathered could be useful in a study of L2 speech productionand perception. Exactly how you do this is also up to you to decide, but you may want to think about the following:

a) It may help to think about a specific group of learners, i.e. who have a first language that differs in terms of voicing from your chosen language.
b) You could then come up with specific hypotheses as to how they may differ from the results you found. Make sure to come up with hypotheses for both production and perception.
c) You might also want to think about any factors that are known to affect speech production in the L2, e.g. proficiency, age of learning, etc. and may want to use those in your discussion.

Please follow the instruction carefully:

Dlshad’ English (English is my second language)

I used the Praat program of this data.

bit -155
bat -126
bye -111
bye -126

Mean /b/
-129.5

tie 77
tog 131
tuck 93
table 108

Mean /t/:
102.25

die -141
dog -122
duck -151
danger -99

Mean /d/
-128.25

kale 145
kit 137
cab 149
cut 117

Mean
/k/
137

gale -167
gale -175
gut -145
git -171

Mean /g/
-164.5

Dlshad’s VOT
Means voiced voiceless
bil -129.5 87.25
alv -128 102.25
vel -164.5 137

Dlshad’s VOT

You can compare my data with Sara’s data as a native speaker of English language and write 700 words for the comparison.

Sara’s VOT
Means voiced voiceless
bil 13.75 90.25
alv 21 115.5
vel 27.25 114.5

I attach my voice recording with this document, for the data I used program praat for my recording (I am L2 learner of English language).
For the methodology you can write, how I used the recording lab to record my voice. Also, I how I collected data by creating the word list and use them in the praat program. You can expand this to 400 words.

Please:
1- As normal essays write introduction, body paragraph, research questions, methodology, discussion, result, and conclusion.
2- Avoid repetition and digression.
3- Try to read the style sheet for linguistic essays in Bangor university in the UK in this link: http://www.bangor.ac.uk/linguistics/documents/Style-sheet.pdf

Please try to
• Reference in-text with page number.
• Use 16 references, and try to use more e-journals than e-books
• Use APA way of referencing.
• Send me the references as PDF files or the link of the references because we have been asked to show them to the professor.

. Please, follow the instructions andwrite it down in a high quality, I want to get 80%.

Kind Regards

Dlshad

Interested in a PLAGIARISM-FREE paper based on these particular instructions?...with 100% confidentiality?

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